New foreign professional manpower migration law
Today, the Federal Council approved the “Reform of the Immigration Law for Non-European Union Member State Labor Force” (Reform des Einwanderungsrechts für Arbeitskräfte aus Staaten außerhalb der Europäischen Union). In the future, it will be much easier for skilled professionals from non-European Union member countries to immigrate to Germany. Under the “Chancenkarte” point system, individuals can come to Germany to seek employment even if they have degrees or qualifications that are not recognized in Germany. Foreigners with recognized degrees in Germany will have much easier immigration processes.
If individuals have vocational training diplomas recognized in their home country and a minimum of two years of work experience, they can come to Germany even if their degrees are not recognized. They can also reside in Germany if they receive the minimum prescribed wage. If they do not meet the minimum wage requirement, they must obtain recognition for their diplomas or qualifications in Germany. During the preparation period for recognition, they can reside and work in Germany if they can prove that they are needed as essential workers by employers.
A new point-based system called “Chancenkarte” will be introduced for individuals who have graduated from vocational schools or universities in their home country or have a minimum of two years of work experience. This system is similar to the one implemented in Canada. Points will be awarded based on 12 criteria, including degree, work experience, age, and language skills. If a minimum of 6 points is obtained, individuals can apply for the Chancenkarte, which allows them to stay in Germany for one year to seek employment. However, during this period, they must have sufficient financial means to support themselves. If they have a job contract from a good employer or obtain approval from the job center, the Chancenkarte can be extended for up to two years. The required minimum language proficiency will also be lowered from the current A2 level to A1. This will be implemented in the first half of 2024.
The salary threshold for the Blue Card will also be lowered, and individuals will qualify if they earn a gross monthly income of 3650 euros.
In the case of IT professionals, a university degree will not be required for individuals from European Union countries.
It will be easier for individuals who have received vocational training (Ausbildung) and want to work in Germany to immigrate. The age limit for this will be lowered.
The scope of family immigration for skilled professionals who have settled in Germany will be expanded to include not only spouses and children but also parents and grandparents.
The following are fields currently facing a shortage of skilled labor in Germany:
Dental assistants (Zahnmedizinische Fachangestellte)
Heating, plumbing, and climate control technicians (Sanitär-, Heizungs- und Klimatechnik)
Well and groundwater construction (Brunnenbau)
Underground construction (Tiefbau)
Building materials manufacturing (Baustoffherstellung)